Original Billhead - C. Crosby, Tumwater, Washington Territory

By: C. Crosby

Price: $25.00

Quantity: 1 available

Book Condition: Collectible-Fine


Original billhead on beige paper with printed text and handwriting in black ink. Datelined May 10, 1871 in Tumwater, Washington Territory. 8" x 7." Billhead is very clean and intact. Paper has a few horizontal and vertical fold lines. Small chip at the right edge of one of the horizontal fold lines and a tiny split at the top of the vertical fold line. Very faint offsetting in the header section. A Fine copy. The handwritten portions include the name of the buyer, the items purchased, and the price of the items. The buyer was Daniel J. Hubbard ("Mr. Daniel J. Hubbard" on billhead), a notable early western pioneer. There are six lines of items. The printed text reads, "[Buyer name] Bought of C. Crosby, Sr., Wholesale and Retail Dealer in Dry Goods, Clothing, Groceries, Hats, Caps, Hardware, Cutlery, Crockery, &c. The highest cash price paid for wool and furs." A box to the left also has the following printed: "Lincoln Mill, Tumwater, W.T.; All Kinds of Flour and Feed, Rye Meal, Rye Flour and Corn Meal, Always on Hand. C. Crosby, Sr., Proprietor." To the side of this box is "The Olympia Transcript Print." Tumwater, Washington was founded in 1845 under the name of "New Market" and is the oldest permanent American settlement on Puget Sound. The name changed to "Tumwater" which is a combination of Chinook Jargon and English that means "waterfall." Tumwater was originally located in Oregon Country, which had been established in 1818, until the founding of the Oregon Territory in 1848. The Washington Territory was then founded in 1853 after splitting with the Oregon Territory. In 1889, the Washington Territory became the state of Washington. The name "C. Crosby" in "C. Crosby & Co." may indicate that the business on the receipt is the general store of Clanrick Crosby, one of Tumwater's early settlers who arrived from the Midwest. His brother Nathaniel Crosby III is of local fame and the latter's house still stands to this day as a historic landmark. (Nathaniel and his wife Cordelia were also the grandparents of famed singer and actor Bing Crosby.) It is known that both Clanrick and Nathaniel opened stores in Tumwater during the 1850s. The items listed on the receipt also appear to match what would have been offered at a general store. Among the items sold were shoes, nutmeg, white sugar, and a flask of French Brandy.