The Definitive Treaty of Peace and Friendship, Between His Britannick Majestry, the Most Christian King, and the States General of the United Provinces. Concluded at Aix la Chapelle the 18th Day of October N. S. 1748 To which The Empress Queen of Hungary, the Kings of Spain and Sardinia, the Duke of Modena, and the Republick of Genoa, have acceded.

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Bilingual text in English and French. Pages 60-61 include bilingual text in English and Italian. Disbound. Text printed in black ink on beige paper. 7 1/2" x 9 3/4." Sixty-five pages, complete. Pages are clean and intact overall but are a bit fragile with slight chipping at the edges and have darkening and light dampstaining throughout. Text is still clear and readable. A Very Good copy. The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748). This is the final version of the treaty. A draft treaty had been agreed upon April 30, 1748. The treaty was finalized October 18, 1748. This is the treaty that ended the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748), which was the last of three major Bourbon-Habsburg wars. This war involved complex underpinnings between several European powers, but the main pretext for the war was the prospect of Maria Theresa becoming the new Habsburg monarch following the passing of her father, Emperor Charles VI. France, Prussia, and Bavaria viewed the change of power as an opportunity to challenge Habsburg rule. However, Maria Theresa was backed by Great Britain, the Dutch Republic, and Hanover, known collectively as the Pragmatic Allies. Eventually, other belligerents became involved in the war including Spain, Sardinia, Modena, Genoa, Saxony, Sweden, and Russia. The War of the Austrian Succession ended in a stalemate but with Maria Theresa becoming the Archduchess of Austria and the Queen of Hungary. The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle was signed first by Britain, France, and the Dutch Republic. Austria, Spain, Sardinia, Modena, and Genoa signed later. While the treaty ended the war, it left many issues that had led to the war unresolved, and most of the signatories were dissatisfied with the terms. Consequently, the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle was a significant factor in a shift of European alliances known as the Diplomatic Revolution. The Diplomatic Revolution, in turn, played a key role during the Seven Years' War.